Social Security Guide : The White Paper and the Beveridge Report Compared
1944-10-01 1944 1940s 20 pages been not less than 156 contributions actually paid. (The difference between actual payment and excusal of benefit is, of course, that benefits are excused when the insured person is in a condition which entitles him or her to claim benefit under the schemes). These qua...
|Institution:||MCR - The Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick|
London : The Social Security League
1 October 1944
been not less than 156 contributions actually paid. (The difference between actual payment and excusal of benefit is, of course, that benefits are excused when the insured person is in a condition which entitles him or her to claim benefit under the schemes). These qualifying conditions would apply when either plan were in full operation. Various modifications are suggested for the transitional period. Married Women Married women who do not earn will travel on their husband's insurance, and will be eligible for widow's pension, maternity benefit and grant, and death benefit. When their husbands are sick, unemployed or retired, the married women will share in the joint benefit. However those married women who earn will have the option of entering insurance in Class I or Class II as appropriate, and then getting sickness and unemployment benefit in their own right, though at a lower rate than the single women. Beveridge gives this option to all earning married women, but the Government restricts it to those earning more than 20/- weekly. However, Beveridge would make working married women build up insurance rights from scratch after marriage, but the Government will let them keep the insurance rights which they had before marriage. 8. Training— Technical advance makes industrial methods quickly out of date. Under Ministry of Labour auspices training schemes will be running all the time to equip unemployed workers to do the kind of jobs which are currently needed. These plans are fully discussed in the Government White Paper on Employment Policy,* but they are mentioned in this pamphlet because the Beveridge Report also emphasised the urgency of training schemes. But there is one fundamental difference between the Government outlook and Sir William's; he linked training with unemployment by making it a condition for the receipt of benefit after six months, but the Government say: — "The allowances granted to the trainees will be completely divorced from payment of unemployment benefit The worker entering upon a course of training must be made to feel that he has left unemployment and unemployment benefit behind him and has started on a job. Training allowances will be fixed on a higher scale than unemployment benefit." (Cmd. 6527, para. 34). "Proper steps," say the Government, should be taken "to train them to a standard which will justify the payment of the recognised rate of wages." And "care will be taken to ensure that the number of trainees does not exceed the number capable of being absorbed in the particular trade."† 9. THE INSURANCE COMPANIES — Sir William Beveridge wanted to curtail the work of insurance companies in two ways. First, he declared that all sickness benefit *Employment Policy. Cmd. 6527, May, 1944. H.M.S.O. 6d. †Cmd. 6527., (Para. 35). 14