Social Security : The Story of British Social Progress and the Beveridge Plan
1943 1943 1940s 3 preliminary leaves, 9-62 pages : illustrations, diagrams experience, particularly our experience of contributory insurance, and from the past draws a pattern of the future, thereby serving as a model for the post-war expansion of our existing social services. (2) THE INSTRUMENTS O...
|Institution:||MCR - The Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick|
London : G.G. Harrap and Co.
3 preliminary leaves, 9-62 pages : illustrations, diagrams
experience, particularly our experience of contributory insurance, and from the past draws a pattern of the future, thereby serving as a model for the post-war expansion of our existing social services. (2) THE INSTRUMENTS OF PROGRESS It is, of course, through our modern social services established since 1900, that we have done most to diminish poverty, disease, and ignorance — three of the giants in the path of social progress. But we could not have achieved so much without the accompanying increase in the national income and in real wages during the years 1900-39. Higher average earnings have been rendered possible (a) by the growth of national resources, (b) by the acceptance of collective bargaining between employers and workers, (c) by minimum wage legislation, Trade Board Acts, etc. All this has led to an upgrading of the lower incomes, a mitigation of the inequalities of wealth among our citizens, and a better spread of purchasing power. A simultaneous decline in the average size of the dependent families of workers has also had something to do with it, but this is not a matter for congratulation. The economic function of the social services has been to redistribute a further portion of our national wealth — about 10 per cent. of it — in the form, not of wages, but of social services in money or in kind. It is this process which we must carry farther in the post-war world. Meanwhile the results already achieved are impressive ; our provision for sickness and disability has been a weak spot, but in all other respects the British measures for security are already more comprehensive and more adequate in cash payments than those of any other country in the world, except New Zealand. 12