Social Security : The Story of British Social Progress and the Beveridge Plan
1943 1943 1940s 3 preliminary leaves, 9-62 pages : illustrations, diagrams CHAPTER II THE PRIMARY NEEDS AND RISKS The primary needs which must be met in any adequate system of social security are fairly easy to define. In our modern industrial community they arise out of the following contingencies...
|Institution:||MCR - The Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick|
London : G.G. Harrap and Co.
3 preliminary leaves, 9-62 pages : illustrations, diagrams
CHAPTER II THE PRIMARY NEEDS AND RISKS The primary needs which must be met in any adequate system of social security are fairly easy to define. In our modern industrial community they arise out of the following contingencies. (a) Unemployment. This is a term which in itself needs definition before you can relieve it with cash benefits drawn as a right without any test of need. An insured man should prove that he is seeking a job of a kind which normally exists in his community, and that he is capable of performing it, but unable to find any vacancy. As a general principle he should be ready to go wherever a job can be found, provided his expenses are met. There must be a right of appeal in hard cases. It should be noted here that non-workers and people working on their own account, such as employers, shopkeepers, or professional people, cannot reasonably be insured against ordinary unemployment. They are under no contract of service. (b) Sickness and Disability. This means the inability of a worker through illness or accident to carry on any gainful occupation. The first need is a comprehensive medical service for the prevention and cure of illness, followed, where required, by post-medical rehabilitation. But all citizens, whether employed for wages or not, should have access to medical treatment — from general practitioners, specialists, and hospitals. Social insurance, as we in Britain understand it, can hardly be made to cover such a health service for all. The present medical benefit from panel doctors should therefore be taken out of our National Health Insurance scheme and merged in some wider national health service which must be constructed 20